21 Best Architectural Buildings in India

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Explore the 21 Best Architectural Buildings in India that showcase the rich heritage and creativity of Indian architecture. From ancient marvels to modern wonders, discover the unique designs, historical significance, and cultural importance of these remarkable structures.


India boasts a diverse architectural landscape with a rich tapestry of historical, cultural, and artistic influences. The country is adorned with magnificent buildings that stand as a testament to India’s glorious past and its vibrant present. In this article, we will take you on a journey to explore the 21 Best Architectural Buildings in India, each with its unique design, historical significance, and cultural importance.

1. Taj Mahal: The Epitome of Love

The Taj Mahal, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, is an iconic monument of love and one of the most recognized structures globally. Built by Emperor Shah Jahan in memory of his beloved wife Mumtaz Mahal, this white-marble mausoleum in Agra is a stunning example of Mughal architecture.

2. Red Fort: A Majestic Mughal Fortification

The Red Fort in Delhi, another UNESCO World Heritage Site, is a majestic fortification built by Emperor Shah Jahan. Its red sandstone walls and intricate design make it an architectural marvel and a symbol of India’s rich history.

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3. Qutub Minar: The Towering Victory

The Qutub Minar, a UNESCO World Heritage Site in Delhi, is the tallest brick minaret in the world. Its construction was initiated by Qutub-ud-din Aibak and later completed by his successors, and it stands as a testament to Delhi’s historical significance.

4. Hawa Mahal: The Palace of Winds

Hawa Mahal, also known as the Palace of Winds, is a mesmerizing five-story palace in Jaipur, Rajasthan. This architectural wonder features intricate latticework that allows cool air to pass through, giving it the name “Palace of Winds.”

5. Mysore Palace: A Blend of Indo-Saracenic Architecture

The Mysore Palace in Karnataka is a captivating masterpiece that showcases a blend of Indo-Saracenic architectural styles. Its stunning facade, intricate interiors, and beautiful gardens make it a must-visit destination.

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6. Meenakshi Amman Temple: A Divine Splendor

The Meenakshi Amman Temple in Madurai, Tamil Nadu, is a remarkable temple complex dedicated to Goddess Meenakshi and Lord Sundareswarar. Its towering gopurams (entrance towers) adorned with intricate sculptures are awe-inspiring.

7. Gateway of India: Iconic Mumbai Landmark

The Gateway of India in Mumbai is an iconic monument that overlooks the Arabian Sea. Built to commemorate the visit of King George V and Queen Mary, it is a blend of Indo-Saracenic and Muslim architectural styles.

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8. Victoria Memorial: A Grand Memorial

The Victoria Memorial in Kolkata is a grand marble building dedicated to Queen Victoria. This stunning edifice is an exemplary instance of the Indo-Saracenic revivalist architectural style.

9. Golconda Fort: A Citadel of History

The Golconda Fort in Hyderabad, Telangana, is an imposing citadel that boasts of a fascinating history. Its acoustics, engineering marvels, and grandeur make it a top tourist attraction.

10. Lotus Temple: A Symbol of Unity

The Lotus Temple in Delhi is an architectural masterpiece known for its unique lotus-like design. It is a Bahá’í House of Worship and stands as a symbol of unity and oneness of all religions.

11. Charminar: The Icon of Hyderabad

The Charminar in Hyderabad is a historic monument and mosque, known for its four grand arches and intricate design. It remains a symbol of the city’s rich heritage and cultural charm.

12. Humayun’s Tomb: An Inspiration for the Taj Mahal

Humayun’s Tomb in Delhi is the first garden-tomb on the Indian subcontinent. Its grand architecture inspired the construction of the Taj Mahal and is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

13. Umaid Bhawan Palace: An Opulent Residence

Umaid Bhawan Palace in Jodhpur, Rajasthan, is one of the largest private residences in the world. Its imposing structure blends Indian and European architectural styles.

14. Sanchi Stupa: An Ancient Buddhist Monument

The Sanchi Stupa in Madhya Pradesh is an ancient Buddhist monument that dates back to the Mauryan period. It is one of the oldest stone structures in India, reflecting the country’s deep-rooted Buddhist heritage.

15. City Palace, Udaipur: A Royal Abode

The City Palace in Udaipur, Rajasthan, is a grand royal residence with a blend of Rajasthani and Mughal architectural styles. Its location beside Lake Pichola adds to its enchanting charm.

16. Rashtrapati Bhavan: The Presidential Residence

The Rashtrapati Bhavan in Delhi is the official residence of the President of India. Its grandeur and architectural brilliance showcase the nation’s political and cultural significance.

17. Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus: Victorian Gothic Revival

Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus in Mumbai, formerly known as Victoria Terminus, is a historic railway station that exemplifies Victorian Gothic Revival architecture.

18. Basilica of Bom Jesus: A Spiritual Marvel

The Basilica of Bom Jesus in Goa is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and a prime example of baroque architecture in India. It holds the mortal remains of St. Francis Xavier.

19. Konark Sun Temple: A Celestial Chariot

The Konark Sun Temple in Odisha is an architectural marvel shaped like a celestial chariot with intricately carved wheels and horses. It is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

20. Amber Fort: A Majestic Fort Complex

The Amber Fort in Jaipur, Rajasthan, is a majestic fort complex with artistic Hindu-style elements and breathtaking panoramic views.

21. Salar Jung Museum: An Artistic Collection

The Salar Jung Museum in Hyderabad houses an impressive collection of art, antiques, and artifacts from various civilizations, making it one of the largest museums in India.


Q: What is the significance of the Taj Mahal?

A: The Taj Mahal is a symbol of eternal love, as it was built by Emperor Shah Jahan in memory of his beloved wife Mumtaz Mahal.

Q: Which architectural style is prominent in the Mysore Palace?

A: The Mysore Palace showcases a blend of Indo-Saracenic architectural styles.

Q: How many entrance towers does the Meenakshi Amman Temple have?

A: The Meenakshi Amman Temple has 14 towering gopurams.

Q: What is the historical importance of the Golconda Fort?

A: The Golconda Fort has played a significant role in the history of Hyderabad and the Deccan region.

Q: Can visitors enter the Lotus Temple for worship, regardless of their religion?

A: Yes, the Lotus Temple welcomes people of all religions to enter and participate in prayer or meditation. It is a Bahá’í House of Worship that promotes the unity of all faiths.

Q: What is the historical significance of the Charminar?

A: The Charminar was built in 1591 to commemorate the end of a deadly epidemic in Hyderabad. It has since become an iconic symbol of the city’s rich heritage.

Q: Is the Sanchi Stupa still used for religious purposes?

A: Yes, the Sanchi Stupa remains an active site of Buddhist worship and attracts pilgrims from all over the world.

Q: What is the inspiration behind the design of Umaid Bhawan Palace?

A: Umaid Bhawan Palace was built to provide employment to the local population during a time of famine. Its architecture blends elements of the Indo-Saracenic style.

Q: Can tourists explore the interiors of Rashtrapati Bhavan?

A: The public can visit Rashtrapati Bhavan during specific times of the year, such as on Republic Day, but entry is subject to prior permission.


India’s architectural heritage is a treasure trove of awe-inspiring buildings, each narrating a unique story from different periods of history. From the iconic Taj Mahal and the majestic Red Fort to the spiritual sanctity of the Meenakshi Amman Temple and the artistic brilliance of the Salar Jung Museum, these 21 Best Architectural Buildings in India epitomize the country’s rich cultural diversity and creative ingenuity.

Exploring these architectural marvels not only offers insights into India’s past but also showcases the ingenuity of its architects and builders. Whether it’s the intricate carvings on the stone temples, the grandeur of royal palaces, or the fusion of various architectural styles, each structure is a living testament to the artistic excellence of the bygone eras.

As travelers venture through India, these architectural wonders serve as living witnesses to the nation’s glorious history and vibrant present. They are not just structures but also windows into the hearts and souls of the people who built them.

So, embark on this architectural journey and experience the splendor of India’s heritage that has withstood the test of time, leaving visitors in awe and admiration.

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